Ten thousand decades of history, hundreds of kilometers of tasty cuisine, pristine coastline and a reputation that is celebrated for its hospitality of its inhabitants makes Cyprus a popular destination for the kind of tourist that appreciates the outdoors.
Brief Background of Ancient Cyprus
The Cyprus Museum
Cyprus is known for sun and its sand, but without an understanding of the sites in Cyprus, one can’t really appreciate the wealthy Cypriot tradition. As with any subject, it is ideal to start at the start…
Kourion Archaeological Site
Archaeological evidence has demonstrated that Cyprus has been inhabited since prehistory. The Neolithic (8200-3800 BC) and Chalcolithic individuals (3800-2400 BC) of Cyprus left behind remnants of the everyday lives, which include simple single-room huts, stone carvings and tools. The Bronze Age (1650-1050 BC) caused it to an emigration of mainland Greeks, coordinated societies and trade with neighboring countries. City-kingdoms were established during the Geometric and Archaic Periods (1050-480 BC). These kingdoms had their own rulers, customs and coinage. The Classical, Hellenestic and Roman periods (480-330 AD) saw rodent controller come and go with Alexander the Great’s strategy to reconquer the East. Polytheism expired out starting in 45 AD and also the island has been converted to Christianity by the Apostles Paul and Barnabas. Cyprus was under Ottoman control, but managed to keep its cultural identity that is Hellenistic although from 1571 to.
Amathous Archaeological Site
Tomb of Kings
Now let’s skip to the island piece of contemporary history: Turkey invaded Cyprus on July 20th, 1974. They claimed 33% of the island as their very own, which forced over 200,000 native Greek Cypriots from their northern Cyprus houses. According to the U.N. (and almost every Greek Cypriot you inquire ) Turkey’s occupation of northern Cyprus is prohibited. Tourists can cross the border however don’t expect to be invited to go see the Turkish sideeffects.
Now for the fun things. I’ve been for 10 times in Cyprus and I’ve had the opportunity to see ruins and museums. Below are my top 8 historical sites in Cyprus. These places will have you mesmerized with all all the Cypriot world, if you love history as much as I do. I’ve organized them into areas.
Temple of Aphrodite
Here is the archaeological museum in Cyprus.
It has artifacts from the Neolithic Age to the Byzantine period (7th century AD). The terracota human figures in the Bronze Age are the most notable. You will find on display, each in unbelievably good condition. The museum also houses an ancient coin set, various cross-shaped idols in the Chalcolithic period, golden jewellery and statues of gods and goddesses.
Approximately 20 km west of Lemesos is your website. The website features a theatre, four Greco-Roman villas, public bathrooms, a Roman agora (marketplace ), an early Christian basilica and an early Christian property. The theatre was modified by the Romans to be employed by 2,000 spectators watching gladiatorial games. It has been restored and is still used for demonstrations. A number of the mosaics from the condos are in superb condition. They depict gods, goddesses, hunting scenes, and blessings of the home.
Choirokoitia Archaeological Site
Amathous merits a visit by the Cyprus enthusiast although in condition compared to other ruins in Cyprus. What remains of this beachfront city-kingdom is in the Archaic, Roman and Christian periods. Visitors can see from that which once was a thriving city kingdom what remains of the baths, temple, even a fountain, agora along with also a few characteristics. Amathous was once an important place for Aphrodite worship.
Kition Archaeological Site
This is a significant attraction in Paphos due to its size and condition. These tombs weren’t actually utilised to bury kings, but they are certainly match for them. The website is a grand necropolis made in the solid rock. Each grave is different, but there is. It features columns an open courtyard and rooms.
Considered to contain a few of the most intact and beautiful historical mosaics from the Eastern Mediterranean, Paphos Mosaics is a”must” stop for anybody in Paphos. The mosaics form a part of the outdoor and indoor complex of villas. Every mosaic depicts something distinct, whether an action by a god or goddess, a blessing for the home, or even a scene from a narrative. The Romans sure knew how to live it up!
Paphos, at the town of Kouklia, is what remains of one of the most significant places of Aphrodite worship in Cyprus. The construction is almost completely in ruins, but some of the walls dating back to the Hellenistic period remain. There are also portions of some columns still standing. Is a castle housing a small museum which contains some artifacts.
Some archaeologists believe that where the Kamares aqueduct stands now there was once a Roman aqueduct used to supply water to ancient Kition (modern-day Larnaka). What scientists can agree on is that the aqueduct that is there now was constructed in 1746 by the Turkish governor of Larnaka. When plumbing made it obsolete, it had been used to cary water from 6 miles away till 1939.
As a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1998, the Neolithic settlement of Choirokitia showcases and amazes the way Cypriot inhabitants dwelt. These dwellings provided them the capacity and protection. The website comprises reproductions of these hut dwellings to give a better idea of how their houses looked to people. The tiniest of huts were used to house their own animals while the bigger ones were used as sleeping quarters. These serene people were hunter/gatherers.
Unfortunately what remains of ancient Kition pales in comparison to that which it was in its heyday. Only a few structures’ foundations remain. Kition was one of Cyprus’ most. It had the most important commercial port in Cyprus. Contemporary day Larnaka would literally would need to be ripped to find more of Kition. The Larnaka District Archaeological Museum houses many artifacts found at the Kition website. Its exhibits demonstrate that there was international relations between Cyprus and place in the world via Kition’s port.
So there you’ve got 8 of their most amazing historical sites in Cyprus. These are by no means all there’s to see. Cyprus has almost 10,000 decades of fascinating history, which you may encounter when you opt to see this sun soaked Mediterranean delight. More articles about Cyprus coming shortly!
Have you been to Cyprus or even arranging a trip there? Tell us about it! Leave a comment or question below!
Special thanks from the Larnaka Tourism Board, Obviously Cyprus, along with the Amorgos Boutique Hotel in Larnaka.